While leg positions dictate how solid your stance is and how fast you can move, arm and hand position provides protection for your torso and head, as well as contributing to speed of hand technique.
In all stances, there are a few basic rules for the position of your hand:
1. The thumb can either be across the top of your first knuckles, or placed against the side of your index finger.
It is important not to place your thumb inside your fist for two reasons: 1. It will make your second knuckle extend, so this will be the first place of impact instead of the main knuckles, and 2. Because your second knuckle is first to impact, force will be transferred to your thumb risking damage
Correct - thumb tucked under knuckles
Correct - thumb placed outside fingers
Incorrect - thumb inside fist where it will be crushed during a strike
2. The hand should always be in line with the arm. This ensures force is transferred from the impact knuckle to the arm bones.
Correct - fist and arm straight to transfer the force up your arm
Incorrect - fist bent down. Impact will try and bend your fist downward
Incorrect - fist bent upward. Impact will bend your fist upward
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