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Mechanics of Strikes

No matter what anyone says, size and strength do matter. Two of the aims of self defense then, are to increase the amount of strength you have and to learn how to use that strength more effectively. Here we will discuss the second of those two – how to easily overpower someone your own strength or give you a more even chance against someone a lot stronger.

The body is mechanical, and with all machines, the efficiency you get out of it will depend on how you use it. When it comes to self defense, there are two main aspects: 1) knowing the technique, and 2) using the technique with the required power and speed.


Out of these two, it is important to understand the technique first and then add the power and speed. If technique is learned first, speed and power will always come: if speed is learned first, bad technique will always stay.

This chapter will cover the mechanics of moving, and includes:

  1. Centre of Distance - how too close or too far from your opponent weakens your technique
  2. Centre of Power - how too far left or right weakens your technique
  3. Stepping forward and backward - stance is required for a fast and strong technique, so moving is important 
  4. Breathing and yells - when andhow breathing strengthens your technique
  5. Extension and retraction of arms - improving speed and power while minimizing how the opponent can counter your technique
  6. Extension and retraction of legs- improving speed and power while minimizing how the opponent can counter your technique
  7. Rotation of the hands - how rotation of the hands aids your techniques

With techniques learned, it is now important to ensure the distance between you and the opponent is correct for the chosen technique, or the chosen technique is correct for the…
  • Level of difficulty 3
The centre of power is the direction from the body at which the technique will be the most powerful. For all forward strength techniques, the centre of power is perpendicular…
  • Level of difficulty 3
Now we have discussed movements, distance and power - but if you do not maintain balance and strength as you move, you will lose a lot of their benefits. Knowing…
  • Level of difficulty 3
Knowing how to breathe properly is an important aspect to martial arts. It can help to add power to your techniques, prepare you for impacts from an opponent and help…
  • Level of difficulty 3
Extension of ArmsMany people will think it is simple to throw a punch or a block – you just extend your arm – but there are a number of factors which…
  • Level of difficulty 3
Just as with the hands, there are a number of aspects which contribute to the power that can be delivered by a kick.Let us look at this from a Turning…
  • Level of difficulty 3
You will have noticed by now that the majority of the movements have the hands rotating throughout the execution. This is not just the blocking or striking hand, but applies…
  • Level of difficulty 3
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